Menopause symptoms and treatment options


With menopause comes a whole host of symptoms, with the most well known being hot flashes and night sweats. Unfortunately, there are some symptoms linked to vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) that worsen the quality of life for menopausal women – from urinary issues to vaginal dryness.


In a study published in the journal Menopause, researchers found that out of about 2,000 women, more than 90% of them had VVA, and 66% of them suffered from severe vaginal symptoms. Unfortunately, the study suggested that many women who suffer from these symptoms do not talk to their doctors about their conditions, and don’t realize that these conditions are treatable.


As we age, ovaries become less sensitive to the hormones FSH and LH, causing the ovary to breakdown. Estrogen and progesterone levels decrease, leading to many menopausal conditions such as hot flashes, insomnia, mood swings, and vaginal dryness. However, these symptoms can be curbed via hormone replacement therapy. From creams to pills, estrogen-infused medication may help ease these symptoms.  There are also many non-hormonal options.  Hot flashes, night sweats and mood swings can be improved by use of medications like paroxetine and Relizen.  Vaginal symptoms (dryness, painful sex, irritation) can be treated by a long list of non-hormonal options like lubricants, vaginal moisturizers, vaginal dilators, Revaree, ospemifene, and even laser.


If you are experiencing any symptoms, please schedule an appointment with your OBGYN to discuss your options to treat them. Symptoms of menopause are treatable and the earlier they are treated, the better this transitional period will be for you.



El Camino Women’s Medical Group offers the latest Minimally Invasive Solutions for gynecologic problems.   Drs. Amy TengErika Balassiano, and Pooja Gupta, all members of AAGL (American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopy) are highly trained and experienced in the field of Minimally Invasive Gynecgologic Surgery.   Dr. Erika Balassiano is also completed a Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery Fellowship, under the supervision of world-renowned Dr. Camran Nezhat.


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