Why Should I Get Tested for Hepatitis C?

Doctor using stethoscope to checking Asian senior or elderly old lady woman patient wearing a face mask.

As an adult American woman, your health and well-being are of utmost importance. Routine health screenings are essential to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and one crucial test that every woman should consider is for Hepatitis C. This viral infection can cause severe liver damage and complications if left untreated. In this article, we will explore the reasons why getting tested for Hepatitis C is vital for your health, especially during pregnancy, and how it aligns with the recommendations of reputable medical organizations.

The Prevalence of Hepatitis C

Before delving into the reasons for testing, let’s understand the prevalence of Hepatitis C in the United States. According to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Network Open, the prevalence of Hepatitis C remains a concerning issue, affecting millions of Americans. The study highlighted that the infection rates are higher among specific age groups, including adults, and underscored the importance of regular screening to identify cases early on.

Pregnancy and Hepatitis C Testing

For expectant mothers, prenatal care is crucial to ensure both the mother’s and baby’s health. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that every pregnant woman undergoes Hepatitis C testing during the first trimester. This recommendation is not only to safeguard the health of the mother but also to protect the baby from potential transmission during childbirth.

The recent JAMA article showed a 16-fold increase in HCV-positive pregnancies in the two decades between 1998 and 2018.  The study also showed an increased odds of preterm labor, poor fetal growth, or fetal distress in pregnancies complicated by HCV infection.

Hepatitis C can be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby, known as perinatal transmission. Without early detection and intervention, there is a risk of complications such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and even life-threatening liver conditions in the infant. By identifying Hepatitis C in pregnant women, healthcare providers can initiate appropriate treatments and take necessary precautions during childbirth, significantly reducing the chances of transmission.

USPTF Recommendations for Adult Women

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is another reputable organization that provides recommendations for preventive healthcare services. According to their guidelines, all adult women should get tested for Hepatitis C at least once, regardless of pregnancy status or other risk factors. The rationale behind this recommendation is to identify cases early and provide timely treatment, thereby reducing the risk of severe liver damage, cirrhosis, and other complications associated with Hepatitis C.

Benefits of Early Hepatitis C Detection

Getting tested for Hepatitis C offers several advantages, which are especially pertinent for adult women:

  1. Early Treatment: If Hepatitis C is detected early, medical interventions can be initiated promptly to slow down the progression of the disease and prevent potential liver damage.
  2. Preventing Transmission: Knowing one’s Hepatitis C status can prevent the spread of the virus to others, especially within families and close contacts.
  3. Improved Quality of Life: Timely treatment can lead to a better quality of life, as it helps manage symptoms and prevents long-term complications.

When it comes to your health, having a trustworthy and experienced medical team by your side is essential. At El Camino Women’s Medical Group, our dedicated physicians have been prioritizing Hepatitis C testing for years, aligning with the recommendations of ACOG and USPSTF. We understand the importance of preventive healthcare and strive to ensure that all our patients receive comprehensive and up-to-date medical care.

As an adult American woman, taking charge of your health is a crucial step towards a happier and healthier life. Getting tested for Hepatitis C is an important aspect of preventive healthcare, and it becomes even more critical during pregnancy. By following the recommendations of ACOG and USPSTF, you can ensure early detection and timely treatment, reducing the risk of severe complications associated with Hepatitis C.

At El Camino Women’s Medical Group, we have a team of experienced physicians ready to guide you through the testing process and offer expert care. Remember, early detection can make all the difference, empowering you to take control of your health and well-being.



El Camino Women’s Medical Group offers the latest Minimally Invasive Solutions for gynecologic problems.   Drs. Amy TengErika Balassiano, Pooja Gupta, and Christina Lam, all members of AAGL (American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopy), are highly trained and experienced in the field of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery.   Dr. Erika Balassiano has also completed a Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery Fellowship under the supervision of world-renowned Dr. Camran Nezhat.

All of our physicians are El Camino Hospital doctors and operate and deliver at the Mountain View campus.

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